The larger the total mass of the vehicle, passengers and luggage, the more kinetic energy it will have at a given speed. This increases the braking distance as it is harder to slow down. Teachers copy of the handout includes complete notes and answers to questions. The gcse physics exam is one of a suite of science tests designed to challenge. E book or pdf edited book email encyclopedia article govt. Foundation tier paper 2 general certificate of secondary education mark scheme for june 2018.
Stopping distance falling and stopping gcse physics. The distance the lorry travels once the brakes are applied. The time it takes for the lorry to stop after the brakes are applied. Physics b the braking distance is the distance travelled by the car after the driver. A series of free gcse igcse physics notes and lessons with examples and solutions. Stopping distances motion of vehicles edexcel gcse. It is primarily affected by the original speed of the vehicle and the coefficient of friction between the tires and the road surface, and negligibly by the tires rolling resistance and vehicles air drag.
Materials advice in all calculations, show clearly how you work out your answer. Use the correct equation from the physics equations sheet. Dawood public school course outline 20162017 class ix physics books. The stopping distance is the thinking distance plus the braking distance. Stationary the distance does not change as time increases. The thinking distance is the distance the car travels during the drivers reaction time.
The speed of the vehicle the greater the speed the larger the braking distance the conditions of the road and tyres the less friction between the road and tyres the longer the braking distance. A vehicles braking distance can be affected by adverse road and weather conditions and poor condition of the vehicle. How does doubling the velocity affect the braking distance of a car. Stopping distances stopping times are not actually that useful to us we are normally more concerned about the stopping distance. The distance it took from the driver pushing the brakes and the brakes working the time from the driver pushing the breaks and the breaks working the overall distance it takes for a car to completely stopfrom when the driver noticed they should stop and did. So that the unit remains constant and science remains comparable. Calculate the kinetic energy of the car and driver before the brakes are applied.
The first figure or page number always refers to the gcse physics book. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Physics unit 2 revision higher tier forces forced act in pairs. When 2 forces interact they are equal and opposite in direction e. Physics b the braking distance is the distance travelled by the car after the driver has started braking and the car is decelerating to rest. Gcse science physics 91 force and braking duration. Our online gcse physics course is the international version or igcse. Gcse science physics 91 vehicle stopping distance duration. Learn about and revise thinking distances, braking distances and how to calculate vehicle stopping distances with gcse bitesize physics.
See also the calculation of the force need to stop a moving car using kinetic energy or momentum. If the road is wet, braking distance will always be longer. Additionally, you will gain an understanding of the importance of the applications of physics in the world. Braking distance is the distance the vehicle travels. The stopping distance of a vehicle is the sum of the distance the vehicle travels during the drivers reaction time thinking distance and the distance it travels under the braking force braking distance. For a given braking force, the greater the speed of a vehicle, the greater the stopping distance. The overall stopping distance for a car is made up of two components the thinking distance and the braking distance.
Gcse physics worksheethandout on stopping distance. Tutorials, tips and advice on gcse physics coursework and exams for students, parents and teachers. Gcse 91 physics specification pearson edexcel level 1level 2 gcse 91 in physics 1ph0 first teaching from september 2016 first certification from june 2018 issue 3. Gcse physics specification specification for first. In examinations, answers frequently require more than 1 key word for the mark, so. Stopping distance is the overall distance that a vehicle takes to stop. Physics braking and braking distance flashcards in gcse. Book 9 for elements of the pastoral language, form and structure. As of today we have 77,111,369 ebooks for you to download for free.
Lesson this book is a textbook, not a laboratory or practical manual. Give students a selection of objects and distances to. Fundamental physics, gcse edition, oxford university press chew, c. State examples of factors affecting a drivers thinking and braking distance. Student book edexcel international gcse 91 physics develop.
Braking distance refers to the distance a vehicle will travel from the point when its brakes are fully applied to when it comes to a complete stop. Practical moments levers and gears pressure of fluids speed and velocity distance time graphs acceleration newtons law of motion acceleration practical vehicle stopping distance momentum. This courses provides knowledge and understanding of facts, concepts and principles of physics. Thinking distance is how far the vehicle travels whilst the driver is making the decision to stop. Aqa gcse physics new unit 2 summary notes physics unit 2 revision higher tier forces forced act in pairs. Gcse physics what is the stopping distance of a car. The time it takes the driver to react and apply the brakes. Gcseigcse physics solutions, examples, worksheets, videos.
Sign in, choose your gcse subjects and see content thats tailored for you. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Effects of initial velocity on stopping distance physics. Changing the mass of a car does not change the thinking distance but the braking distance is changed as the mass of a car changes. Know that the stopping distance of a vehicle is made up of the sum of. The work done by the braking force to stop a vehicle was 900 000 j the braking force was 60 000 n calculate the braking distance of the vehicle. The longer an arrow is the larger its force on the object. This is the distance the car travels forward from the moment they see a problem to the moment they put their foot on the. Road safety car stopping distances distance, speed and. You can use this worksheet either after teaching or as assessment. Calculating the average velocity over each 1 s time interval between the drips and then. Edexcel international gcse 91 physics student book.
Cross through any work you do not want to be marked. For a given braking force the greater the speed of the vehicle, the greater the stopping distance. Student book the questions and explanations in this book. The braking distance is the distance travelled by the car once the driver has put their foot on the brakes. Gcse physics how does mass affect the braking distance. Braking distance is the distance a vehicle travels from the moment the brakes are applied to the moment the vehicle stops about braking distance. I have included both the pdf and doc version of the same handout for your ease of use. Test your knowledge of distance problems involving braking and stopping with this quiz and worksheet. Online gcse physics course full tutor support cloudlearn.
Learn the difference between distance, displacement, speed and velocity, and how to calculate distance, speed. Edexcel international gcse physics student book sample chapter. Pdf exampro gcse physics iiithe braking force used to stop the car and driver was 8000 n. The braking distance of a car depends on the speed of the car and the braking force. Edexcel international gcse 91 physics student book brian arnold, steve woolley, penny johnson this book provides comprehensive coverage of the new edexcel international gcse 91 specification with progression, international relevance and support at its core. Gcse physics how does velocity affect the braking distance of a car. Calculating stopping distances motion of vehicles edexcel. It covers describing the factors that affect the kinetic energy of a moving object and explain what work done means, calculating work done. This free resource is based on the subtopic stopping distance under dynamics of cambridge o level curriculum. How students are looking after their mental health in lockdown. Marshal cavendish education introduction this syllabus provides a comprehensive set of progressive learning objectives for physics.
Physics speed and acceleration teacher notes appropriately coloured voting cards could be used with this classification activity to increase class participation. Gcse f harpercollinspublishers 2018 physics set b paper 2 1 physics aqa for this paper you must have. The braking distance of the car depends on the speed of the car. Information there are 100 marks available on this paper. The braking distance is the distance taken to stop once the brakes are applied.1086 1141 303 173 1323 98 775 1171 948 1551 125 64 972 263 365 304 1557 33 329 935 1227 547 220 1555 317 533 34 564 964 1359 970 1569 1046 295 1086 358 1211 1406 1321 895 594 1380 522