Extraction of iron from its ore is the third and the penultimate process in the metallurgy. Download this books into available format 2019 update. Metals for a climate neutral europe institute for european studies. This presentation steps students through extracting metals from ores as well as the recycling of aluminium as aligned with the australian year 11 chemistry. Reaction of the ore over quite a long time and on a huge scale with a dilute acid such as dilute sulfuric acid to produce a very dilute copperii sulfate solution. Separating the platinum group metals by liquidliquid. The most important ore of zinc is mostly zinc sulphide. Production and refining of metals cooperative patent. Theoretical substantiation and practical realization of developed effective methods of precious metals extraction from resistant ores by the example of the far. Written by teachers for the cie igcse chemistry course. Pdf the depletion of highquality ore deposits makes it necessary to develop technologies of processing of poor or complex ores such as sideroplezite. The extraction of metals and its isolation occurs over a few major steps.
It includes background information about the principles of. The extraction of silver by the solving processes simple. What methods can be used in extracting metals from mineral ores. The process of extracting pure metal from its ore is known as metallurgy. Principles and procedures involved in the extraction of metals. Download extraction of metals from soils and waters.
The choice of the process depends upon the nature of the ore and the type of the metal. Extractive metallurgy is the practice of removing valuable metals from. Extraction of iron metallurgy blast furnace and reactions. Detailed revision notes on the topic extraction of metals. Metals and nonmetals extraction of metals class 10.
Charlesworth marthc kuqtenhurg refiners ik limited, roston, england to extract the platinum group metals from ore, and to refine them to the very high purity required for their many applications. Extraction of metals methods of extraction of metals. A mineral which contains a high enough percentage of a metal for economic extraction is called a metal ore. Metals are extracted from ores, which are minerals found in the earths crust that contain metal compounds. The metal content in the ore can vary depending upon the impurities present and chemical composition of the ore. Processes and procedures in the extraction of iron.
This page looks at the various factors which influence the choice of method for extracting metals from their ores, including reduction by carbon, reduction by a reactive metal like sodium or magnesium, and by electrolysis. Gcse chemistry extraction of metals what is a metal. In some places, the mineral deposits in rock contain a high concentration of one metal. Notes 4 chemistry module 6 occurrence and extraction of metals chemistry of elements copper india does not have rich copper ore deposits. Extraction of these metals from their ores is expensive. Occurrence ores of some metals are very common iron, aluminium. Concentration of the ore, isolation of the metal from its concentrated ore, and. Aluminum, for example, is the most common metal in the earths crust, occurring in all sorts of minerals. Metal production begins with the processing of ores to extract the metal, and includes the mixture of metals. These compounds are called minerals and a rock which contains a mineral is known as an ore metals can be extracted from ores using a range of methods. The method of extraction which is most appropriate depends on the reactivity of the metal being extracted.
Metal extraction the occurrence of metals in the earths crust rocks that contain a high enough percentage of a metal to be extracted commercially are known as ores. Igcse extraction of metals from ores notes igcse and ial. Most metals are found combined with other elements, as. Isolation of elements in chemistry class 12 aims to teach the students about various processes of. The ores are very different from the finished metals that we see in buildings and bridges. First the metallurgist must heat the ore to tempera. The extraction of metals from ores is what allows us to use the minerals in the ground. This froth which contains the ore is skimmed off by blowing air. Metals, save for a few, do not occur free on the earth. Objectives general principles and gener processes of. The depletion of highquality ore deposits makes it necessary to develop technologies of processing of poor or complex ores such as sideroplezite, titanomagnetites, etc. Metallurgy is distinguished from the craft of metalworking, although metalworking relies on metallurgy, as medicine relies on medical science, for technical advancement. The process of treatment depends on upon the nature of the ore, impurities, and the metal.
Extraction of metals cie igcse chemistry revision notes. The process of extracting a metal in pure form from its ore is known as metallurgy. Aluminium and iron are the most abundant metals in the earths crust. Most compounds are found as oxides or sulphides, but sulphides are usually converted to oxides. An ore is any naturallyoccurring source of a metal that you can economically extract the metal from. Pdf the first steps in the production of a metal object are to extract the ore from the mine.
The metal ores are found in the earths crust in varying abundance. In this video, we look at how displacement reactions can be used to extract metals from their compounds looking specifically at the extraction of. But this is not the case with more reactive iron or aluminum. Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and. Separating the platinum group metals by liquid liquid ext raction new process has potential economic advantages over conventional selective precipitation by p. Usually iron and aluminum exist as compounds, with oxygen, also known as oxides. What is a metal ore a solid element or compound which occurs naturally in the earths crust is called a mineral. Microbial communities near and on the minerals in an ore deposit are a very rich source of genetic information which could be utilized to create synthetic and modified microbiomes that extract, concentrate, and beneficiate metal forms 16. The majority of metals do not occur native and, instead, are compounds like sulphides or oxides.
However, it isnt economically worthwhile to extract it from most of these minerals. Ores may be concentrated either by i washing away the earthy materials in a stream of water in order to leave behind the heavier ores as is the case with tin ore or by ii froth flotation where the ores are churned up with oil and water to form froth. View and download powerpoint presentations on extraction of metals ppt. In patent documents, the following abbreviations are often used. Ores consist of the desired metal compound and the impurities and earthly substances called gangue. Since, the nature of the ore and also the properties of different metals are different, therefore, it is not possible to have the universal scheme which may be applicable to all the metals. Mineral and metal binding biomolecules find applications in selective mineral and metal separation. In nigeria, the extraction of iron from iron ore is a novel technological exercise carried out by an iron ore mining company located at itakpe in kogi state, north central nigeria.
Major steps in extraction of metal ore concentration ore is. The first steps in the production of a metal object are to extract the ore from the mine, process the ore for smelting, and then eventually smelt the ore into metal. Why can one method be used to extract one metal, but not another. Methods for turning the metal compounds in ores into metals depend on. The extraction and isolation of metals from ores involve the following major steps. These metals must be extracted from their ores before they can be made useful.
Some common steps involved in the extraction of metals from their ores are. Extracting titanium from rutile carbon cant be used to extract titanium from its ore because the titanium reacts further with carbon, so a more reactive metal, e. Concentration removes the water and other volatile. It is usually contaminated with earthly or undesired materials known as gangue. Effective ways of extraction of precious metals from resistant ores. Metal ores are formed in the process of ore genesis, and they are extracted through mining. The field is a materials science, covering all aspects of the types of ore, washing, concentration, separation, chemical processes and extraction of pure metal and their alloying to suit various applications, sometimes for direct. Find powerpoint presentations and slides using the power of, find free presentations research about extraction of metals ppt. Extract ing copper from its ores is not an easy task. Sulphides ores are usually converted to oxides before extraction by roasting with oxygen. In fact, microorganisms can be successfully used for the extraction of metals e.
Isolation of elements in chemistry class 12 aims to teach the students about various processes of extraction of metals from ores. An ore is a source of metal from which you can economically extract the metal. There are two main methods of extracting metals from their ores. The process of extracting metal ores buried deep underground is called mining. Extracting iron and copper reactions of metals aqa. Extracting metals some unreactive metals, like gold and silver, are found in the earths crust as pure substances. Extractive metallurgy introduction to chemistry lumen learning. Copper can be extracted from nonsulfide ores by a different process involving three separate stages. Extraction of metals methods of extraction of metals from ores byjus. An introduction to the chemistry of metal extraction.
Extractive metallurgy is a branch of metallurgical engineering wherein process and methods of extraction of metals from their natural mineral deposits are studied. The purpose of this present publication is to update and expand the original book. This presentation is to help step students through the extraction of metals from ores as well as recycling aluminium in line with the australian year 11 chemistry course. The production of metals involves the processing of ores to extract the metal they contain, and the mixture of metals, sometimes with other elements, to produce alloys. The term metal is used to any substance that is hard, possessing silvery lusture, and is a good conductor of heat and electricity. The question of meteoritic versus smelted nickelrich iron. Mining with microbes is both economical and environmental friendly. Methods of metal recovery by microorganisms 2 methods. This metal is also a constituent of certain pigments such as chlorophyll in plants and haemoglobin in animals.1380 1037 1535 39 326 1035 706 744 1293 637 859 818 16 1576 399 1294 1120 33 1461 279 167 543 620 1540 1122 1529 320 1042 705 883 1230 34 738 1262 1191 1280 343 428 991 1233